Tremors are just one of the conditions a neurologist in Leesburg, VA specializes in. A tremor is a grave neurological condition; an estimated 10% of the US population suffers from essential tremors (ET). This article aims to shed more light on tremors, identify the symptoms behind them, and determine the steps to take to control or cure them.
Interesting Tremor Facts
To start with, let us discuss some little known aspects of this neurological condition. Below is a list of some striking facts regarding tremors.
- A tremor is an involuntary, rhythmic muscle
contraction which results in shaking movements in some parts of the body. Usually this happens in the hands. However, it can also take place in the
arms, head, vocal cords, legs, and torso.
- A tremor could be intermittent or constant. It can occur every now and then, or happen because of other disorders such as Parkinson’s disease.
- Tremors occur mostly among middle-aged men and older adults. While it takes place mostly among middle-aged men, it can still take place at any age. The disorder can affect men and women at an equal time. It’s not life threatening, but it can be embarrassing and disabling, making it hard to do work on daily tasks in life.
- Tremors are sometimes symptoms of other diseases. Tremors can occur as a result of other diseases. They are listed below:
- Multiple sclerosis
- Traumatic Brain injury
- Neurodegenerative diseases (e.g., Parkinson’s Disease)
The Main Kinds of Tremors
Dulles neurology experts state that no two tremors are the same. In fact, tremors can be classified into three types:
- Postural Tremor: This tremor can instantly be detected when a patient holds out his arms. The
patient may also experience shakiness in voice. Causes for this particular
- Physiologic tremor
- Drugs such as caffeine/nicotine
- Alcohol withdrawal
- Increased metabolic state such as hyperthyroidism
- Resting Tremor: This type of tremor can be detected when the patient is at rest. It is closely associated with Parkinson’s disease.
- Action Tremor: This is also known as the kinetic or intention tremor. It can be detected
in any movement, and is caused by the following:
- Cerebellar lesions (stroke, mass)
- Multiple sclerosis
- Alcohol abuse
The causes of each tremor can overlap with each other. For instance, a patient who has a severe tremor can show signs of all three tremor types.
How to Cope with Tremors
For mild tremors, treatment is not necessary. However, if your tremor makes it hard for you to perform daily activities, you need to sit with your doctor and discuss treatment.
Among the medications available are the following:
- Beta Blockers
Beta blockers are usually used to treat high blood pressure, but can also get rid of tremors. It is not an option if you have asthma or heart conditions.
- Anti-seizure medications
Primodine, gabapentin, and topiramate can be used as alternatives to beta blockers. However, there are also side effects, such as drowsiness and nausea.
- Tranquilizers or benzodiapines
Tranquilizers such as alprazolam and clonazepam help to temporarily control the occurrence of tremor. However, these tranquilizers also produce side effects such as drowsiness and poor concentration. Additionally, the user may develop a dependence on tranquilizers, which, when stopped, causes withdrawal symptoms.
- Botox injections
These are useful if you wish to treat some types of tremors, including those in the head and voice. Don’t use this for hand tremor as it can weaken your fingers.
What Therapy is Needed?
There are two therapy approaches to tremors: physical and occupational. Physical therapists recommend exercise to strengthen your muscles, while occupational therapists aid you to adapt to living with tremor by using heavier objects such as heavier utensils and wide grip pens. If you notice signs of a tremor, seek the help of a neurologist near Leesburg immediately. He can give you the proper diagnosis regarding your condition and recommend the best help available.